Mogao Grottoes, a1so known as the Caves of a Thousand Buddhas, is situated at the eastern foot of Mingsha Mountain, 25 km southeast of Dunhuang in Gansu Province. It measures 1,680 metres north-south. The grottoes created in different periods of time are clustered on the steep cliff which is 15-30 metres high. Begun in 366 and completed in 1386, these grottoes evidenced a thousand years of history. There are 492 grottoes containing murals and painted statues, over 250 residential caves, 2,4OO painted statues, 45,000-square-metre murals, and 5 caves with eaves built in the Tang and Song Dynasties. These are the vivid records of China's Buddhism history, art history and social life.
Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang are the 1argest Buddhist grottoes with the longest history and the richest treasures both in China and in the world.